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2018考研英语基础阶段模拟真题(3)

2020-07-09 16:14:00 来源:互联网 作者:考研小编
摘要:基础阶段,顾名思义就是打基础的阶段,那这一阶段该不该刷真题呢?当然是有必要的,下面好轻松考研小编给大家带来2018考研英语基础阶段模拟真题,认真读过基础阶段会进步很多哦。

  对于考研的学子们,考研英语主要是分为五个复习阶段:基础—强化—提高—模考—冲刺。>>对考研英语有疑问?点击咨询

      Section I Vocabulary and Structure (36 points)

  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center。

  1. She ought to stop work; she has a headache because she ________ too long。

  A. has been reading B. had read 

      C. is reading D. read

  2. Niagara Falls is a great tourist ________, drawing millions of visitors every year。

  A. attention B. attraction 

       C. appointment D. arrangement

  3. The hopes, goals, fears and desires ________ widely between men and women, between the rich and the poor。

  A. alter B. shift 

       C. transfer D. vary

  4. Corn originated in the New World and thus was not known in Europe until Columbus found it ________ in Cuba。

  A. being cultivated B. been cultivated 

       C. having cultivated D. cultivating

  5. The sale usually takes place outside the house, with the audience ________ on benches, chairs or boxes。

  A. having seated B. seating 

       C. seated D. having been seated

  6. This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen ________ comfortably。

  A. is worn B. wears 

      C. wearing D. are worn

  7. Some diseases are ________ by certain water animals。

  A. transplanted B. transformed

       C. transported D. transmitted

  8. Although Anne is happy with her success she wonders ________ will happen to her private life。

  A. that B. what

       C. it D. this

  9. -“May I speak to your manager Mr. Williams at five o’clock tonight?”

  -“I’m sorry. Mr. Williams ________ to a conference long before then。”

  A. will have gone B. had gone

       C. would have gone D. has gone

  10. You ________ him so closely; you should have kept your distance。

  A. shouldn’t follow B. mustn’t follow

  C. couldn’t have been following D. shouldn’t have been following

  11. We agreed to accept ________ they thought was the best tourist guide。

  A. whatever B. whomever 

       C. whichever D. whoever

  12. It is our ________ policy that we will achieve unity through peaceful means。

  A. consistent B. continuous 

      C. considerate D. continual

  13. Between 1974 and 1997, the number of overseas visitors expanded ________27%。

  A. by B. for 

       C. to D. in

  14. Although many people view conflict as bad, conflict is sometimes useful ________ it forces people to test the relative merits of their attitudes and behaviors。

  A. by which B. to which

       C. in that D. so that

  15. He is ________ about his chances of winning a gold medal in the Olympics next year。

  A. optimistic B. optional

       C. outstanding D. obvious

  16. Sometimes I wish I ________ in a different time and a different place。

  A. be living B. were living

       C. would lived D. would have lived

  17. The director was critical ________ the way we were doing the work。

  A. at B. in

       C. of D. with

  18. In a sudden ________ of anger, the man tore up everything within reach。

  A. attack B. burst 

       C. split D. blast

  19. ________ she realized it was too late to go home。

  A. No sooner it grew dark than B. Hardly did it grow dark that

  C. Scarcely had it grown dark than D. It was not until dark that

  20. In Britain people ________ four million tons of potatoes every year。

  A. swallow B. dispose

       C. consume D. exhaust

  21. I’d ________ his reputation with other farmers and business people in the community, and then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan。

  A. take into account B. account for

       C. make up for D. make out

  22. It is essential that these application forms ________ back as early as possible。

  A. must be sent B. will be sent 

       C. are sent D. be sent

  23. She cooked the meat for a long time so as to make it ________ enough to eat。

  A. mild B. slight 

       C. light D. tender

  24. A lot of ants are always invading my kitchen. They are a thorough ________。

  A. nuisance B. trouble 

       C. worry D. anxiety

  25. These books, which you can get at any bookshop, will give you ________ you need。

  A. all the information B. all the informations

  C. all of information D. all of the information

  26. Young people are not ________ to stand and look at works of art; they want art they can participate in。

  A. conservative B. content 

       C. confident D. generous

  27. Most broadcasters maintain that TV has been unfairly criticized and argue that the power of the medium is ________。

  A. granted B. implied

       C. exaggerated D. remedied

  28. I have no objection ________ your story again。

  A. to hear B. to hearing

       C. to having heard D. to have heard

  29. The clothes a person wears may express his ________ or social position。

  A. curiosity B. status 

       C. determination D. significance

  30. You will see this product ________ wherever you go。

  A. to be advertised B. advertised

       C. advertise D. advertising

  31. The early pioneers had to ________ many hardships to settle on the new land。

  A. go along with B. go back on 

      C. go through D. go into

  32. Beer is the most popular drink among male drinkers, ________ overall consumption is significantly higher than that of women。

  A. whose B. which 

       C. that D. what

  33. I didn’t know the word. I had to ________ a dictionary。

  A. look out B. make out 

       C. refer to D. go over

  34. The professor could hardly find sufficient grounds ________ his arguments in favor of the new theory。

  A. to be based on B. to base on 

       C. which to base on D. on which to base

  35. There are signs ________ restaurants are becoming more popular with families。

  A. that B. which 

       C. in which D. whose

  36. It is said that the math teacher seems ________ towards bright students。

  A. partial B. beneficial

       C. preferable D. liable

  Text 3

  It was 3:45 in the morning when the vote was finally taken. After six months of arguing and final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates, Australia’s Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die. The measure passed by the convincing vote of 15 to 10. Almost immediately word flashed on the Internet and was picked up, half a world away, by John Hofsess, executive director of the Right to Die Society of Canada. He sent it on via the group’s on-line service, Death NET. Says Hofsess: “We posted bulletins all day long, because of course this isn’t just something that happened in Australia. It’s world history。”

  The full import may take a while to sink in. The NT Rights of the Terminally Ill law has left physicians and citizens alike trying to deal with its moral and practical implications. Some have breathed sighs of relief, others, including churches, right to life groups and the Australian Medical Association, bitterly attacked the bill and the haste of its passage. But the tide is unlikely to turn back. In Australia-where an aging population, life extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part-other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia. In the US and Canada, where the right to die movement is gathering strength, observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling。

  Under the new Northern Territory law, an adult patient can request death-probably by a deadly injection or pill-to put an end to suffering. The patient must be diagnosed as terminally ill by two doctors. After a “cooling off” period of seven days, the patient can sign a certificate of request. After 48 hours the wish for death can be met. For Lloyd Nickson, a 54 year old Darwin resident suffering from lung cancer, the NT Rights of Terminally Ill law means he can get on with living without the haunting fear of his suffering: a terrifying death from his breathing condition. “I’m not afraid of dying from a spiritual point of view, but what I was afraid of was how I’d go, because I’ve watched people die in the hospital fighting for oxygen and clawing at their masks,” he says。

  55. From the second paragraph we learn that ________。

  [A] the objection to euthanasia is slow to come in other countries

  [B] physicians and citizens share the same view on euthanasia

  [C] changing technology is chiefly responsible for the hasty passage of the law

  [D] it takes time to realize the significance of the law’s passage

  56. When the author says that observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling, he means ________。

  [A] observers are taking a wait and see attitude towards the future of euthanasia

  [B] similar bills are likely to be passed in the US, Canada and other countries

  [C] observers are waiting to see the result of the game of dominoes

  [D] the effect-taking process of the passed bill may finally come to a stop

  57. When Lloyd Nickson dies, he will ________。

  [A] face his death with calm characteristic of euthanasia

  [B] experience the suffering of a lung cancer patient

  [C] have an intense fear of terrible suffering

  [D] undergo a cooling off period of seven days

  58. The author’s attitude towards euthanasia seems to be that of ________。

  [A] opposition

  [B] suspicion

  [C] approval

  [D] indifference

  Section IV Translation (10 Points)

  Directions: Translate the following sentences into English (10 points)

  59. 所有那些努力工作的人都应得到鼓励。

  60. 我们恳切希望你早日给我们一个答复。

  61. 即使你说服不了他,也不要灰心丧气。

  62. 这件事至今还没有得出正确的结论。

  63. 你讲英语时,发音要准,否则人家就听不懂你的意思。

  Section V Writing (20 points)

  DIRECTIONS:

  [A] Title: FOR A BETTER UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN PARENT AND CHILD

  [B] Word limit: 120-150 words (not including the given opening sentence)

  [C] Your composition should be based on the OUTLINE below and should start with the given opening sentence: “Nowadays there is often a misunderstanding between parent and child。”

  [D] Your composition must be written clearly in the ANSWER SHEET。

  OUTLINE:

  1. Present situation: Lack of communication between parent and child

  2. Possible reasons: 1) Different likes and dislikes 2) Misunderstanding 3) Others

  3. Suggestions: 1) For parents 2) For children

  学习不是一朝一夕的事,好事多磨嘛,不管同学们基础好还是差,都必须保证每天都要有花在英语复习上的时间哦。

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