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2021考研英语阅读冲刺真题及答案解析(1)

2020-07-08 16:27:00 来源:互联网 作者:考研小编
摘要:距离考研的日子越来越近,英语是不少考研党路上的一只拦路虎,不少人都败在了英语这门上,所以大部分的考研党应该早早的就在刷真题了吧,下面好轻松考研小编就给大家整理了2021考研英语阅读冲刺真题及答案解析(1),希望对大家备考有帮助!

  考研英语阅读是重头戏,冲刺复习一定要强加练习。先把阅读拿下,注意总结错题,掌握做题方法。>>对考研英语有疑问?点击咨询

      Bernard Bailyn has recently reinterpreted the early history of the United States by applying new social research findings on the experiences of European migrants. In his reinterpretation,migration becomes the organizing principle for rewriting the history of preindustrial North America. His approach rests on four separate propositions.

  The first of these asserts that residents of early modern England moved regularly about their countryside migrating to the New World was simply a natural spillover. Although at first the colonies held little positive attraction for the English &mdash they would rather have stayed home &mdash by the eighteenth century people increasingly migrated to America because they regarded it as the land of opportunity. Secondly,Bailyn holds that,contrary to the notion that used to flourish in America history textbooks,there was never a typical New World community. For example,the economic and demographic character of early New England towns varied considerably.

  Bailyn's third proposition suggest two general patterns prevailing among the many thousands of migrants:one group came as indentured servants,another came to acquire land. Surprisingly,Bailyn suggests that those who recruited indentured servants were the driving forces of transatlantic migration. These colonial entrepreneurs helped determine the social character of people who came to preindustrial North America. At first,thousands of unskilled laborers were recruited by the 1730's,however,American employers demanded skilled artisans.

  Finally,Bailyn argues that the colonies were a half-civilized hinterland of the European culture system. He is undoubtedly correct to insist that the colonies were part of an Anglo-American empire. But to divide the empire into English core and colonial periphery,as Bailyn does,devalues the achievements of colonial culture. It is true,as Bailyn claims,that high culture in the colonies never matched that in England. But what of seventeenth-century New England,where the settlers created effective laws,built a distinguished university,and published books? Bailyn might respond that New England was exceptional. However,the ideas and institutions developed by New England Puritans had powerful effects on North American culture.

  Although Bailyn goes on to apply his approach to some thousands of indentured servants who migrated just prior to the revolution,he fails to link their experience with the political development of the United States. Evidence presented in his work suggests how we might make such a connection. These indentured servants were treated as slaves for the period during which they had sold their time to American employers. It is not surprising that as soon as they served their time they passed up good wages in the cities and headed west to ensure their personal independence by acquiring land. Thus, it is in the west that a peculiarly American political culture began,among colonists who were suspicious of authority and intensely anti-aristocratic.

  1.Which of the following statements about migrants to colonial North America is supported by information in the text?

  [A] A larger percentage of migrants to colonial North America came as indentured servants than as free agents interested in acquiring land.

  [B] Migrants who came to the colonies as indentured servants were more successful at making a livelihood than were farmers and artisans.

  [C] Migrants to colonial North America were more successful at acquiring their own land during the eighteenth century than during the seventeenth century.

  [D] By the 1730's,migrants already skilled in a trade were in more demand by American employers than were unskilled laborers.

  2.The author of the text states that Bailyn failed to

  [A] give sufficient emphasis to the cultural and political interdependence of the colonies and England.

  [B] describe carefully how migrants of different ethnic backgrounds preserved their culture in the United States.

  [C] take advantage of social research on the experiences of colonists who migrated to colonial North America specifically to acquire land.

  [D] relate the experience of the migrants to the political values that eventually shaped the character of the United States.

  3.Which of the following best summarizes the author's evaluation of Bailyn's fourth proposition?

  [A] It is totally implausible.

  [B] It is partially acceptable.

  [C] It is highly admirable.

  [D] It is controversial though persuasive.

  4.According to the text,Bailyn and the author agree on which of the following statements about the culture of colonial New England?

  [A] High culture in New England never equaled the high culture of England.

  [B] The cultural achievements of colonial New England have generally been unrecognized by historians.

  [C] The colonists imitated the high culture of England, and did not develop a culture that was uniquely their own.

  [D] The southern colonies were greatly influenced by the high culture of New England.

  The author of the text would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about Bailyn's work?

  [A] Bailyn underestimates the effects of Puritan thought on North American culture.

  [B] Bailyn overemphasizes the economic dependence of the colonies on Great Britain.

  [C] Bailyn's desciption of the colonies as part of an Anglo-American empire is misleading and incorrect.

  [D] Bailyn failed to test his propositions on a specific group of migrants to colonial North America.

  [答案与考点解析]

  1.「答案」D

  「考点解析」这是一道审题定位题。题干中的“migrants”一词暗示本题的答案信息在第一段或第三段,因为这两段的首句都含有“migrants”一词。又根据题干中的“supported”一词,我们可以推断出本题的答案信息来源应该在原文的第三段,因为作者应该在第三段提出相应证据来“支持”(supported)自己的观点。过仔细阅读和理解第三段,尤其是第三段的尾句,我们可以推导出本题的正确选项应该是D.考生在解题时一定要有审题定位的能力,更要具备善于理解原文中启承转合所传达的含义。

  2.「答案」D

  「考点解析」这是一道细节理解题。题干中的“failed”一词暗示本题的答案信息应该在尾段,因为尾段中含有“fails”一词。根据阅读和理解首段尾句,我们可以推导出本题的正确选项是D.考生在解题时一定要善于理解原文中所传达的中心含义。

  3.「答案」B

  「考点解析」本题是一道归纳推导题。本题题干中的“Bailyn‘s fourth proposition”将本题的答案信息来源确定在原文的第四段。过仔细阅读和理解本段的每一句话,尤其是第二、三句话和四、五句话,我们可以推导出本题的正确选项应该是B.考生在解题时一定要善于归纳和推导原文的内容,更要善于体会上下句之间的语意关系。

  4.「答案」A

  「考点解析」这是一道细节推导题。题干中的“culture”一词暗示本题的答案信息来源在第四段,因为第四段首句包含“culture”一词。过仔细阅读和理解第四段的每一句话,尤其是第四句,我们可以推导出本题的正确选项应该是A.考生在解题时一定要注意原文中重点词语所表达的含义,以及重点词语在选项中的替换形式。

  5.「答案」A

  「考点解析」这是一道审题定位题。题干并没有明确指出本题答案信息在原文中的准确位置。在这种情况下,考生一定要抓住全文的中心主旨,以及每段的重要句。本题的答案信息来源在第四段的尾句,这是一个由转折词“however”引导的句子。过仔细阅读理解本句,我们可以推导出本题的正确选项是A.考生在解题时一定要重视原文中表达启承转合的词语,因为这往往是出题的重点。

  考研的英语?考研复习思路很乱?不知道从哪里开始复习?考研高效复习方法有哪些?随时可在线咨询新航道好轻松考研老师。

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